"LET'S MAKE SOME COMPOST" (Adapted from Environmental Bulletin, Texas Water Commission, edited by Ed Bradley)
Composting is a simple biological process that breaks down leaves, grass clippings, brush and wood chips, and food scraps into a dark, odorless, nutrient-rich organic product. It is nature’s way of recycling organic matter and returning it to the earth for reuse. Bacteria are living organisms which contribute to the natural recycling process of the organic wastes.
landfill space. Approximately
18 percent of the solid waste generated in the U.S. each year is made up
of yard wastes. An even
greater percentage occurs in the peak month of yard waste production
(summer and fall months). Diverting
these wastes from landfills reduces waste collection and disposal costs.
Are Compost Piles Made?
A compost pile may be
started directly on the ground surface, using a container or structure
which will save space, hasten decomposition, and keep the yard looking
neat. The following steps
describe how to construct a simple compost pile:
or shredding these ingredients helps speed the composting.
When constructing the pile, try to alternate “greens” (food
scraps, grass clippings, manure) and “browns” (straw, leaves, woody
material) to help balance the proportion of carbon and nitrogen in the
pile, which is food for the microorganisms.
A properly made pile
will reach temperatures up to 160 degrees in several days.
The composting process may last from a few weeks to many months,
depending upon the types of materials used for compost, water
requirements, and how often the pile is turned.
When compost is ready to use, it will appear dark, brown, crumbly,
and will have an earthy smell. Let
the material sit for a few extra days to stabilize it.
Apply 2 - 3” layers of compost to your garden or around trees and
shrubs. Treat your lawn by
spreading ˝” of sifted compost over a given area in the spring.
Making or Using Compost, DON’T:
Disclaimer: While the advice and information contained in this web page is believed to be true and correct, neither the authors nor committee members can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The San Antonio Rose Society makes no warranty, expressed or implied with respect to the material contained herein.
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